Nokes Book Blog

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Narcissa’s Letter: The Massacre

By R. GREGORY NOKES  In what is now known at the Whitman Massacre, a gang of disaffected Cayuse Indians murdered American missionaries Marcus and Narcissa Whitman and eleven others on November 29, 1847 at their mission at Waiilatpu near present day Walla Walla,...

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Massacre at Hells Canyon ranks high in OPB views

My Take: TV Ratings I’ve never paid much attention to television ratings, except when they reflect well on me. And here’s one that so reflects. I’m told that the recent Oregon Public Broadcasting program on the 1887 Chinese massacre was one of the highest rated local...

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The Exclusion Laws

Columbia Magazine, the quarterly publication of the Washington State Historical Society – Winter 2014-15 Oregon’s Early History of Racial Inequality By R. Gregory Nokes “African Americans Not Wanted Here” was the explicit message sent through the country in the early...

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Slaves List

List of known slaves in the Oregon Territory, most brought on the Oregon Trail from Missouri between 1843-1853. List compiled by Greg Nokes. OREGON SLAVES Known Slaves County Year Arrived Rachel Belden Marion 1843 unknown child* n/a 1843 Robin Holmes Polk 1844 Polly...

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Free State Letter by Judge George H. Williams

Free State Letter Note: I have posted the following long letter known in Oregon history as the “Free State Letter’’ on my blog with this note of caution: Because of its frequently racist content, the Free State Letter is not an easy letter to read. However, written by...

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