List of known slaves in the Oregon Territory, most brought on the Oregon Trail from Missouri between 1843-1853.
List compiled by Greg Nokes.
|Known Slaves||County||Year Arrived|
|Celi Ann Holmes||Polk||1844|
|Mary Jane Holmes||Polk||1844|
|John Waldo slaves||Marion||1846|
|Ame or Annie||Benton||1847|
|Adeline Cox (infant)||Linn||—|
|2 James Abbott slaves***||Josephine||1853|
|Probable Slaves||County||Year Arrived|
|Possible Slaves||County||Year Arrived|
|Known Slaves, Washington||County||Year Arrived|
List compiled from miscellaneous sources, including census and court records, emigrant accounts, newspaper articles, and family histories. It is by no means comprehensive, as the author found references to slaves who were not named, and some African Americans listed as servants in census records may have been slaves, but are not listed here. The author counted children who came to Oregon as slaves, but, in most cases, not those born in Oregon to a slave parent.
Exceptions were James and Roxanna Holmes, who were named in a court case, and Adeline Cox, listed as a slave in the 1860 Census. Some slaves were freed soon after arriving in Oregon; others held longer.
* The unidentified girl drowned near The Dalles during the 1843 emigration.
** Southworth lived in several counties. Others were Polk, Jackson and Lincoln.
*** Their Oregon-born children are known. They were Louisa and Peter Waldo. Following the shooting death of their father, Peter was apprenticed by court order to Joseph Lane, formerly Oregon’s first territorial governor and a U.S. senator.
**** The year America and mother arrived in Oregon is uncertain.
***** Clark County was part of the Oregon Territory in 1850; the Washington Territory was established in 1853.